Uncategorized

Cerebral paralysis and its features



Cerebral paralysis and its featuresThe term cerebral palsy (CP) is the set of a variety of chronic symptoms that have non-progressors, which relate to human movement disorders. These movement disorders are the result of damage of the structures of the central nervous system, which is formed during the prenatal period – that is, during pregnancy.

Disorders affect cortical structures, subcortical areas, capsule and brainstem. Sometimes cerebral palsy is confused with infantile paralysis, which represent a set of disorders that develop as a result of poliomyelitis. Cerebral palsy was diagnosed and studied for the first time at the beginning of the XIX century by British physician, Little by name. Subsequently, this form of cerebral palsy was called “Little’s disease“.

The British believed that the reason lied in the pathological cerebral palsy during birth when the child is experiencing severe hypoxia. However, subsequently, Sigmund Freud also studied cerebral palsy, and hypothesized that the cause of the cerebral paralysis lies in the damaged structures of the central nervous system in the period of utero. This assumption was confirmed in the 1980s of the XX century. Freud made an excellent classification of the forms of cerebral palsy, on which all the modern classifications were set up.

General characteristics of cerebral palsy

If we talk about cerebral palsy, there is a variety of movement disorders. By the maximum muscle structure is destroyed, first of all violations of motor coordination are identified. Violations of motor activity are formed due to lesions of the brain structures. The volume and localization of brain lesions determine the nature, form and severity of muscular disorders.



Volume and specific area of brain damage in a person with cerebral palsy determines the form of muscle disease, which can be single or combined. Basic muscle disorders in cerebral palsy are presented with the following options: muscle tension; spasmodic contraction of the muscles; various movements of involuntary nature; gait disturbance; limited mobility. In addition to violations of motor activity, cerebral palsy may be associated with abnormalities of vision, hearing and speech activity. Very often, cerebral palsy is combined with various forms of epilepsy and mental disorders and mental development. Also, children have disorders of perception and sensation.

As a result of these violations, people with cerebral palsy have some problems in the process of food, involuntary urination and excretion of feces, difficulties with breathing process due to incorrect position of the body, the formation of pressure ulcers and difficulties in perceiving information that affects learning.

Cerebral Palsy is not progressive, because the damage of the brain structures is limited by a point – it does not extend, and does not capture new areas of nerve tissue. In the process of growth and maturation of the child it may seem that that the paralysis progresses, but it is not. Impression of cerebral palsy progression is caused by growing up of a child, his learning difficulties and more clearly labeled symptoms, which are less visible until the baby does not start to go, eat etc.

Woman dreams of becoming paralyzed!



Dick Swaab – one of the most respected European neuroscientists. In his best-selling book, “We – are our brains,” he tells the story of how physiological processes in the brain determine human life. “Theory and Practice” starts cooperation with the publishing house of Ivan Limbakh and publish an extract from the book of Swaab – a strange syndrome, carriers of which feel themselves inferior people until they amputate part of their body.

 

“Prams” lifestyle – it’s terrible for a great number of people, but not for one American woman. Chloe Jennings-White is 57 years old now. She lives in Salt Lake City (USA). Being a chemist by education, she has a very strange desire – to be paralyzed from the waist down.

 

During her everyday life Chloe behaves like disabled people. She uses a wheelchair to move. She is also wearing long fixators which excite knees. These clamps enable any movements with the help of crutches. But when Chloe has to go upstairs or downstairs she takes off her clamps, and walks like a healthy person. That is a paradox. The fact is that Ms. Jennings-White is actually not a person with disabled activities! She just really appreciates to feel incompetent disabled!

The woman fantasizes of becoming anaesthetised! People with BIID know exactly in which place should be made an amputation, and after amputation may indicate that such a body still was not cut. After the amputation, they feel extremely happy and say that the only thing they regret that they have done it before.

 



In 2008 Chloe was diagnosed by doctors – syndrome of BIID. This is a rare and serious mental disorder, in which patients feel as if they would have much happier life with paralysis or amputated limbs.

 

To resist the wish to hurt her back, doctors offered Chloe to use a wheelchair and respective catches. Possibility to spend most of her life as a physically disabled brought great relief to Chloe, but she often thinks of real foot injury in a car accident or casualty.

 

Woman with the syndrome of Body Integrity Identity Disorder says that many people find and call her unconscionable, but in fact they just do not conceive her condition. Chloe believes that the capability of using a wheelchair, inspite the fact that she is typical person with 100 per cent capabilities and can move without any restrictions, literally saved her life.

Possible Causes of BIID



Exact causes for BIID (Body integrity identity disorder) are yet to be determined. Due to the nature of this disorder and its complexity, many are quick to jump to the conclusion that this is a disorder of a sexual nature. Sexual motivation for an amputation, looking like an amputee or being one, is a minority among sufferers of BIID, this paraphilia is called apotemnophilia. A paraphilia is an unusual sexual interest in which sexual arousal can only achieved if the unusual condition is met, otherwise arousal will not be present. Apotemnophilia is constantly and commonly mistaken with for acrotomophilia, people who are attracted sexually to people who are amputees or missing limbs. These disorders are related and there have been cases of individuals of having both. Either way, both disorders are not commonly related to BIID.

So what is causing this disorder? Theories have flourished creating debate within the medical field. Some theories argue that this disorder is developed during childhood and present under difficult and traumatic child experiences. Various theories have been formulated as children seeing an amputee as having the ideal body image or as a subconscious way to believe that becoming disabled might earn them more attention and love by closed ones. BIID is not restricted to only amputated limbs, it also extends to becoming deaf, blind, paralyzed and other disabilities.

Mainly the sufferer of this disorder feels that one of their limbs is almost alien and believe they won’t feel whole until they are rid of it.



One thing that is widely recognized is that this is a mental condition (psychiatric disorder), a biological theory has been formulated, stating that BIID is a neuro-psychological condition on the right side of the brain and could be related to somatoparaphrenia, unlike Erectile Dysfunction to name an example of a physical condition that was for many years considered a mental disorder. BIID requires vestibular caloric stimulation (squirting cold water in the patent’s ear). In any case, this puzzling condition remains for the most part a mystery to medical science, and a lot more research is required to discern its true causes and how the disorder is triggered.